Igbo names and spellings for various settlements
Abakaliki is Abankaleke; Afikpo is Ehugbo; Awgu is Ogu; Awka is Oka; Bonny is Ubani; Enugu is Enugwu; Ibusa is Igbuzö; Igrita is Igwuruta; Oguta is Ugwuta; Onitsha is Onicha; Owerri is Owere; Oyigbo is Obigbo... any more will be added.

Sunday, February 27, 2011

Ibini Ukpabi

The approach to the Long Ju-Ju is through dense bush, which gradually becomes thicker and thicker until one arrives at the entrance of a deep oval-shaped pit, seventy feet deep, sixty yards long, and fifty yards wide. One then climbs down the precipitous sides of the rock into a narrow gorge and into running water, up which one wades, passing under two fences, until one finally comes to a place where the water comes out of the solid rock in two big streams, which unite below a small island, on which are two altars, one made of many trade guns, stuck muzzle downwards into the ground and topped with skulls, the other being of wood and supporting more skulls, bones, feathers, blood, eggs, and other votive offerings to the Ju-Ju, including the head of the last victim. Over the rock, where is the source of the water, is a roof of human skulls with a curtain, the top part of which is composed of clothes and the lower part of native matting, screening the rock and hanging just short of the water's edge. The lower portions of the rock composing the other side of this crater are draped with mats only. On the left of the entrance, centrally situated, and opposite the island, has been hewn out of the rock a flat-topped ledge for sacrificial purposes. The water, about twelve inches deep, is full of tame grey-coloured fish, about two feet in length, with long suckers and glaring yellow eyes, which have a most bizarre appearance as they glide noiselessly through the clear water in the dim light of this charnel-house of fetish lore, which is roofed with densely intertwined creepers. These fish are regarded as sacred. On the left of the exit lies another pile of human skulls and other relics of Ju-Ju rites, and on the left the last sacrifice--a white goat, trussed up in the branches of a palm tree and starving to death. The conducting of a visitor to the Ju-Ju is usually a somewhat lengthy process, and when he arrives in its proximity he is led by a circuitous route and finally marched in backwards. It would seem to be a fair estimate to put the number of pilgrims down at about five hundred annually, all of whom pay dearly for the advice or decree which is vouchsafed to them. Probably the number of human sacrifices does not reach a total of fifty per annum, while about 200 people are sold into slavery, and the remainder are allowed to go away free.

— Reuter, Daily Graphic

Location: Ibini Ukpabi, Arochukwu, Aro, Alaigbo | Date: 1902 | Credit: Reuter from a member of the Aro Field Force

Saturday, February 19, 2011

Okpu Ngwo

Afikpo man wearing okpu ngwo raffia hat, Mgbom village, Afikpo Village-Group, Nigeria

Location: Mgbom, Afikpo, Alaigbo | Date: 1959-1960 | Credit: Simon Ottenberg

A Young Bride

Location: ?Unsure?, Alaigbo | Date: ?Unsure?, Before 1921 | Credit: Basden

Ritual Calabash

Bronze, Brass/copper attachments, 9th century AD, Dia. 30.5 cm., National Museum, Lagos.

Location: Igbo Ukwu, Alaigbo | Date: 1950-1960 | Credit: Thurstan Shaw

Decoration of Ibo Houses

Location: ?Unsure?, Alaigbo | Date: ?Unsure?, Before 1916 | Credit: P. Amaury Talbot

Wednesday, February 9, 2011

Decoration of Ibo Houses

The mural decoration, as well as the mudding of the walls, is the work of women; while the men raise the framework, make the roof, and provide the doors. These latter are cut from out a section of tree trunk and are often elaborately carved. The Sobo [Urhobo/Isoko] of Osua-Konike, on the Niger, also affect carved doors, but these are usually made, not in one piece as among Ibo, but in three longitudinal planks, joined by bronze or iron clamps. About the middle of the central panel a handle protrudes, not fastened on as with Ibos, but cut from the solid.

— P. Amaury Talbot

Location: ?Unsure?, Alaigbo | Date: ?Unsure?, Before 1916 | Credit: P. Amaury Talbot

Young Ibo Women of Ibuza


— Kitson

Location: Igbuzo, Aniocha, Alaigbo | Date: ?Unsure?, Before 1912 | Credit: A. E. Kitson

Inyaba Valley


— Albert Ernest Kitson

Location: Udi, Alaigbo | Date: ?Unsure?, Before 1912 | Credit: A. E. Kitson